World Values Survey (WVS Database)

The WVS consists of nationally representative surveys conducted in almost 100 countries which contain almost 90 percent of the world’s population, using a common questionnaire. The surveys started in 1980 and seven waves of data collection have been completed in 2020. There are roughly 50 countries per batch with 1000 respondents per country. The WVS seeks to help scientists and policy makers understand changes in the beliefs, values, and motivations of people throughout the world.

Key articles or books:

  • Inglehart, R. F. (2021). Religion’s Sudden Decline: What’s Causing It, and what Comes Next?. Oxford University Press, USA.
  • Minkov, M., & Hofstede, G. (2012). Hofstede’s fifth dimension: New evidence from the World Values Survey. Journal of cross-cultural psychology, 43(1), 3-14.
  • Inglehart, R., & Baker, W. E. (2000). Modernization, cultural change, and the persistence of traditional values. American sociological review, 19-51.
  • La Porta, R., Lopez-de-Silanes, F., Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. W. (1997). Trust in large organizations. The American economic review, 333-338.